An endoscope is a tool used mostly in medicine to look inside a cavity of the human body. It is utilized to diagnose diseases like ulcers and cancer, and it has many shapes, sizes, and extra features that help physicians make an accurate diagnosis in as little time as possible.
Unlike other imaging techniques, endoscopes don’t use toxic substances for contrast, and they are inserted directly into the organ. They are especially useful for tight poorly visible spaces. There are many types of endoscopes that have different functions. In medicine, they can be used both with anesthesia or without one.
Endoscope-like devices first appeared in Antiquity
The idea of an endoscope started to germinate inside the human mind ever since the ancient Greek and Roman eras. The ancient people had been wondering what the inside of the human body looked like when the human iwass alive, as opposed to an autopsy. The first prototype of a device that resembled an endoscope was even found in the ruins of the lost city of Pompeii.
Soon after, the history of the endoscope gets very confusing, because no other thing was found to attest the presence of an endoscope-like tool in the human communities for almost two thousand years. That changed in 1805 when a brave doctor decided it was about time Medicine reached new heights.
The first people to conquer the endoscope
His name was Philipp Bozzini, and he was the first one ever to try to observe a living human’s urinary tract, rectum and pharynx via a rigid tube he created with his own hands. The device was called a Lichtleiter because it used light to guide its way through the human body.
Soon after that moment, in 1853, Antoine Jean Desormeaux, a Frenchman, created a nifty instrument that was purposefully designed to examine the bladder and the urinary tract of both men and women. He was the first one to call such a tool an endoscope, and the name stuck to the device. He was also the first one to describe some prevalent urinary diseases.
Germany didn’t want to fall behind the race of discovery, so in 1868, Dr. Adolph Kussmaul managed to sneak a look inside the stomach of one of his patients, that was unlucky enough to have this procedure done without anesthesia, as it is still done sometimes in remote parts of the world that lack supplies and qualified personnel. Luckily, the patient was a trained sword-swallower, who managed to take in the whole 47 cm long metal tube without complaining too much.
Other revelations regarding the endoscope
Other important steps in the development of the endoscope were the moment in 1871, when Nitze and Josef Leiter, two German doctors developed the cystourethroscope and the vital moment in 1881 when Johann von Mikulicz and his colleagues invented the world’s first rigid gastroscope.
The flexible gastroscope didn’t come until much later, in 1932, when Dr. Rudolph Schindler invented it, thus making the life of his patients, but not only, considerably easier. This new device allowed for much quicker endoscopy sessions, and for the trauma that the patient goes through it to be much milder.
The future of the endoscope
A present-day endoscope is a tool that far exceeded the medical area. They have taken over every modern household because people have realized that they can be used to find lost items under tight spaces, that they can see the inside of their plumbing and that these are versatile tools which can make a great difference in an emergency situation.
Now, the nifty machines have reached a point where they can be packed in any bag since they are so small and flexible. Most of them have a light attached to their end, can be connected to Bluetooth, and the best models available on the market have a high-performance camera that allows you to take footage of whatever you use it for.
The ideal endoscopes for iPhone available today will allow you to experience all the advantages you have when you buy a tiny tool like this to complete your toolbox. It sure is a great time to be alive and to have access to an Internet connection.